Old Map of Vermont by J.H. Colton, 1855: Burlington, Montpelier, Rutland, Brattleboro, St. Albans
Old Map of Vermont by J.H. Colton, 1855: Burlington, Montpelier, Rutland, Brattleboro, St. Albans
Old Map of Vermont by J.H. Colton, 1855: Burlington, Montpelier, Rutland, Brattleboro, St. Albans

Old Map of Vermont by J.H. Colton, 1855: Burlington, Montpelier, Rutland, Brattleboro, St. Albans

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This exquisite piece of cartographic history is an old map of Vermont, created in 1855 by J.H. Colton, a renowned figure in the world of mapmaking. Known for his meticulous attention to detail and accuracy, Colton's work provides a unique window into the past, offering an unparalleled view of Vermont as it was in the mid-19th century.

In 1855, the United States was still in its infancy, and Vermont, one of the earliest states to join the Union, was still undergoing significant development. Many of the settlements that we are familiar with today had not yet been established, and the borders and names that are now taken for granted may have been markedly different. This map offers a fascinating glimpse into this transformative period in American history.

Among the notable settlements depicted on this map are Burlington, Montpelier, Rutland, Brattleboro, and St. Albans. These towns and cities, some of which are now major population centers, were in their early stages of growth in 1855. The map provides a unique perspective on their development, capturing a snapshot of their history that is now over 150 years old.

J.H. Colton's maps are celebrated for their precise detail and accuracy, and this map of Vermont is no exception. Colton's maps were among the most reliable and sought-after of their time, and this piece serves as a testament to his unparalleled skill and craftsmanship. It offers a rare opportunity to delve into the history of Vermont and the United States, providing a unique perspective that is both educational and aesthetically pleasing.

This map is not just a piece of history, but a work of art. The fine details, the carefully drawn borders, and the meticulous labeling all contribute to its charm. It is a treasure for anyone interested in cartography, history, or the development of the United States. Whether you're a collector, a historian, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of old maps, this piece is sure to captivate and inspire.

In conclusion, this old map of Vermont by J.H. Colton, 1855, is a remarkable piece of history. It provides a snapshot of a time when the United States was still forming, when Vermont was still growing, and when towns like Burlington, Montpelier, Rutland, Brattleboro, and St. Albans were just beginning to make their mark. It's a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of one of the finest American mapmakers of the era, and a fascinating window into the past.

Notable Settlements in Vermont, 1855

  1. Burlington (1763): Known as the "Queen City," Burlington is the most populous city in Vermont. It was a bustling port and hub of activity during the 19th century.
  2. Montpelier (1787): The smallest state capital in the U.S., Montpelier became known for its granite industry in the 19th century.
  3. Rutland (1761): Rutland is notable for its marble industry, which began in the early 19th century.
  4. Brattleboro (1753): Known for its vibrant arts scene, Brattleboro was an important stop on the Underground Railroad.
  5. St. Albans (1763): Known as the "Railroad City," St. Albans was a key railway hub in the 19th century.
  6. Bennington (1749): Site of the Battle of Bennington during the Revolutionary War.
  7. Middlebury (1761): Home to Middlebury College, one of the oldest liberal arts colleges in the U.S.
  8. Woodstock (1761): Known for its picturesque village green and historic homes.
  9. Windsor (1761): Birthplace of Vermont and home to the Constitution House, where the state constitution was signed.
  10. Barre (1788): Known as the "Granite Center of the World," Barre was a major center for granite quarrying.
  11. Norwich (1761): Home to Norwich University, the oldest private military college in the U.S.
  12. Manchester (1761): Known for its marble sidewalks and historic architecture.
  13. St. Johnsbury (1786): Home to the Fairbanks Museum and Planetarium, Vermont's oldest natural history museum.
  14. Newport (1793): Known for its location on Lake Memphremagog, which straddles the U.S.-Canada border.
  15. Vergennes (1788): The smallest city and first incorporated city in Vermont.
  16. Bellows Falls (1753): Known for its historic canal system and vibrant arts scene.
  17. Shelburne (1763): Home to the Shelburne Museum, a collection of American folk art.
  18. Poultney (1761): Known for its slate industry and as the birthplace of Horace Greeley, founder of the New York Tribune.
  19. Swanton (1763): Home to the Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge.
  20. Fair Haven (1779): Known for its slate and marble industry.

Native American Tribes in Vermont

  • Abenaki Tribe: The Abenaki were the primary tribe in Vermont, known for their pottery and basket weaving skills.
  • Iroquois Confederacy: While primarily located in New York, the Iroquois had influence in Vermont and often clashed with the Abenaki.

Notable Natural Features

  • Lake Champlain: The largest lake in Vermont, known for its fishing and boating.
  • Green Mountains: A major mountain range in Vermont, popular for hiking and skiing.
  • Quechee Gorge: Known as "Vermont's Little Grand Canyon," it's a popular tourist attraction.
  • Missisquoi River: A major river in Vermont, known for its wildlife and fishing.

Historical Events (1810-1855)

  • War of 1812 (1812-1815): Vermont was a key frontier in the War of 1812, with several battles fought along the Lake Champlain corridor.
  • Anti-Masonic Party (1828): Vermont was the birthplace of the Anti-Masonic Party, the first third party in the United States.
  • Underground Railroad (1800s): Vermont was a key stop on the Underground Railroad, helping many slaves escape to freedom in Canada.

Please double check the images to make sure that a specific town or place is shown on this map. You can also get in touch and ask us to check the map for you.

This map looks great at all sizes: 12x16in (30.5x41cm), 16x20in (40.5x51cm), 18x24in (45.5x61cm), 24x30in (61x76cm), 32x40in (81.5x102cm), 40x50in (102x127cm), 48x60in (122x153cm) and 56x70in (142x178cm), but it looks even better when printed large.

I can create beautiful, large prints of this map up to 70in (178cm). Please get in touch if you're looking for larger, customised or different framing options.

The model in the listing images is holding the 16x20in (40.5x51cm) version of this map.

The fifth listing image shows an example of my map personalisation service.

If you’re looking for something slightly different, check out my main collection of USA and North America maps.

Please contact me to check if a certain location, landmark or feature is shown on this map.

This would make a wonderful birthday, Christmas, Father's Day, work leaving, anniversary or housewarming gift for someone from the areas covered by this map.

This map is available as a giclée print on acid free archival matte paper, or you can buy it framed. The frame is a nice, simple black frame that suits most aesthetics. Please get in touch if you'd like a different frame colour or material. My frames are glazed with super-clear museum-grade acrylic (perspex/acrylite), which is significantly less reflective than glass, safer, and will always arrive in perfect condition.

My standard frame is a gallery style black ash hardwood frame. It is simple and quite modern looking. On maps up to 36 inches (91cm) the frame is 1.5-3cm (0.6in to 1in) wide. I use thicker frames on larger maps - usually between 35 and 60mm (1.4in to 2.4in).

In all cases I use super-clear acrylic (perspex/acrylite) for the frame glass. It's lighter and safer than glass - and it looks better, as the reflectivity is lower.

All frames are provided "ready to hang", with either a string or brackets on the back. Very large frames will have heavy duty hanging plates and/or a mounting baton. If you have any questions, please get in touch.

See some examples of my framed maps and framed canvas maps.

A few different frame colours are available for free (black, brown, white, oak and antique gold). Custom framing and mounting/matting is available if you're looking for something else.

Alternatively, I can also supply old maps on canvas, foam board, cotton rag and other materials.

If you want to frame your map yourself, please read my map size guide first.

For most orders, delivery time is about 3 working days. Personalised and custom made maps take longer, as I have to do the personalisation and send it to you for approval, which usually takes a day or two.

Please note that for larger framed orders (over 40in/100cm), and some other framed sizes, the delivery time will be closer to 7-10 days.

If you need your order to arrive by a certain date, please contact me before you order so that we can find the best way of making sure you get your order in time.

I have specialist printing and framing facilities in 17 countries around the world. This means your map will be made locally, which cuts down on delivery time and reduces the chance of your map being damaged during delivery. There won't be any extra taxes or duties to pay, and we'll put less CO2 into the air.

All of my maps are well packaged and sent in a rugged tube if unframed, or surrounded by foam if framed.

I try to send out all maps within 1 or 2 days of receiving your order, though some products (like face masks or mugs) can take longer to make.

If you select Express Delivery at checkout your order we will prioritise your order and send it out by 1-day courier (Fedex, DHL, UPS, Parcelforce).

We can sometimes do next-day delivery if you order before 10am. But usually it's best to contact me first before you order.

Read my full delivery and local production guide

My maps are extremely high quality reproductions of original maps.

I source original, extremely rare maps from libraries, auction houses and private collections around the world, restore them at my London workshop, and then use specialist giclée inks and printers to create beautiful maps that look even better than the original.

My maps are printed on acid-free archival matte (not glossy) paper that feels very high quality and almost like card. In technical terms the paper weight/thickness is 10mil/200gsm. It's perfect for framing.

I print with Epson ultrachrome giclée UV fade resistant pigment inks - some of the best inks you can find.

I can also make maps on canvas, cotton rag and other exotic materials.

Learn more about how the Unique Maps Co. sources and restores old maps

Map personalisation

If you're looking for the perfect anniversary or housewarming gift, I can personalise your map to make it truly unique. For example, I can add a short message, or highlight an important location, or add your family's coat of arms.

The options are almost infinite. Please see my map personalisation page for some wonderful examples of what's possible.

To order a personalised map, select "personalise your map" before adding it to your basket.

Get in touch if you're looking for more complex customisations and personalisations.

If you are not happy with your unique map for any reason, contact me for a no-quibble refund.

I am very confident you will like your old map. I have been doing this since 1984. I'm a 5-star Etsy seller. I have sold tens of thousands of maps and have over 1,500 real 5-star reviews.

I use a unique process to restore my maps that is massively time consuming and labour intensive. Hunting down the original maps can take months. I use state of the art and eye-wateringly expensive technology to scan and restore the maps. As a result, I guarantee my maps are a cut above the rest - that's why I can offer a no-quibble refund.

Almost all of my maps look amazing at large sizes (200cm, 6.5ft+) and I can frame and deliver them to you as well, via special oversized courier. Contact me to discuss your specific needs.

Fill in the form below, message me on WhatsApp, or call the workshop on 020 3286 8802